Endometriosis is a gynecological condition in which tissue (endometrial lining) that normally grows inside the uterus exists outside the uterus. The endometriosis tissue grows and acts as it normally would, but because it is located outside the uterus, it does not have a way to exit the body in the same way that normal tissue inside the uterus does during menstruation. As a result there is inflammation and pain.
Symptoms of endometriosis include recurring pelvic pain, which can range from mild to severe. This can include:
- Severe pain during menstruation
- Pain during intercourse
- Blood in the stool or painful defecation
- General chronic lower back and abdominal pain
Endometriosis can affect a women’s fertility. However, not all women with endometriosis are infertile. Women should ask their PGOMG physician about endometriosis if they experience any of the above symptoms. Surgical and medical treatments can be pursued after diagnoses.